Urbanization has been reshaping the landscape of Bangladesh, with cities like Dhaka experiencing unprecedented growth. Over the past century, the urban population has surged, leading to sprawling metropolises and burgeoning towns. According to recent census data, nearly 30% of Bangladesh’s population resides in urban areas, with this figure steadily rising by approximately 6% annually as rural inhabitants seek opportunities in urban centers. Dhaka, the capital city, serves as a primary destination for many migrating individuals and families, resulting in the expansion of slums and further worsening the already existing healthcare crisis

City-Centric Economy

The rapid urbanization of Dhaka has exacerbated the healthcare crisis, particularly for marginalized communities living in slums. Land scarcity has forced residents to occupy undesirable areas, including riverbanks, leading to overcrowding and unsanitary living conditions. Moreover, government neglect of slum dwellers has resulted in inadequate access to essential services such as water, electricity, and healthcare. As a consequence, public health facilities, primarily concentrated in hospitals, struggle to cope with the increasing demand for medical treatment and services.

Inadequate Healthcare Facilities

Healthcare workers in Dhaka report that hospitals are operating at suboptimal capacity, unable to accommodate the influx of patients effectively. Limited resources and staffing shortages further compound the challenges faced by healthcare facilities. Additionally, the fear of hidden costs deters many rural migrants from seeking medical care, perpetuating disparities in healthcare access. With no healthcare provisions within the slums, residents, particularly women and children, are left vulnerable to a healthcare “black hole.”

Shortage of Doctors

Despite the increasing demand for medical services, the city grapples with an inadequate number of healthcare professionals, particularly doctors. This shortage not only strains existing healthcare facilities but also compromises the quality and accessibility of healthcare for residents. Long wait times, overcrowded hospitals, and limited availability of specialized care contribute to the overall healthcare disparity in the city. Moreover, the disparity is often more pronounced in underserved areas and marginalized communities, where access to healthcare is already limited. Addressing the shortage of doctors in Dhaka is essential to improving healthcare outcomes and ensuring that all residents have access to timely and quality medical care. Platforms like ‘Where’s My Doctor?’ are using technology to gather the best doctors in Bangladesh in one digital space.

Where’s My Doctor?

Where’s My Doctor?‘ has gained prominence as a reliable doctors’ directory in Bangladesh. This platform offers a user-friendly interface that allows patients to search for doctors by specialty and location. ‘Where’s My Doctor?’ provides comprehensive profiles of healthcare professionals, featuring information about their qualifications, experience, and patient reviews. With the goal of connecting patients with the right doctors, this platform has become a valuable resource in the Bangladeshi healthcare landscape. Let’s Look at the best doctors in Dhaka as per ‘Where’s My Doctor?’.

The Best Doctors in Dhaka by Category

Women: The Ultimate Sufferer

Women, in particular, bear the brunt of this healthcare crisis. Despite the benefits of urbanization, such as employment opportunities in garment factories, women in slums lack access to essential maternal and child healthcare services. Recognizing this gap, initiatives like the Manoshi project, spearheaded by Bangladeshi NGO BRAC, have been pivotal in providing healthcare support to female slum dwellers since its inception in 2007.

Manoshi Project by BRAC

The Manoshi project operates through a network of dedicated healthcare workers who offer comprehensive services ranging from family planning to antenatal care. With 6,000 volunteers serving 200 households each, the project aims to bridge the gap in maternal and newborn healthcare within urban slums. These services include awareness campaigns, labor preparation programs, and regular medical check-ups, ensuring that women receive the necessary care throughout their pregnancy and childbirth.

One of the project’s innovative approaches involves creating a safe birthing environment within the slum itself. By establishing labor rooms equipped with trained midwives and traditional birth attendants, the project aims to reduce the risks associated with home births. An emergency referral system facilitates timely transfers to hospitals when necessary, ensuring that women receive prompt medical attention.

The impact of the Manoshi project has been significant, with a notable reduction in maternal mortality rates among its beneficiaries. By providing accessible and culturally sensitive healthcare services, the project has helped alleviate the healthcare burden faced by women in Dhaka’s slums. However, sustaining these efforts remains a challenge, particularly in light of ongoing urbanization and potential evictions that disrupt community networks.

If These Weren’t Enough for Healthcare Crisis: Pollution

As Dhaka continues to grapple with the complexities of urbanization, addressing the healthcare needs of its residents remains paramount. Environmental hazards, such as polluted water sources and poor sanitation, pose additional challenges to maternal and child health. Adapting to these evolving circumstances requires innovative solutions and collaborative efforts from governmental, non-governmental, and community stakeholders.


In conclusion, the healthcare crisis in Dhaka underscores the urgent need for comprehensive interventions to mitigate the impact of urbanization on public health. Initiatives like the Manoshi project serve as a beacon of hope, demonstrating the potential for community-driven solutions to address complex healthcare challenges. By prioritizing accessibility, equity, and sustainability, Dhaka can pave the way for a healthier and more resilient urban future.

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